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Looking Through a Soldier's Eyes

All Quiet . . . Study Guide
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Chapter 1

  1. Why do the men receive double rations?

A: They have extra food because some people didn’t come back from the last battle.

  1. What makes the men happy and satisfied? (in the story)

A: Reading mail, playing cards, being full,

  1. How do Kropp, Paul and Muller enjoy the afternoon?

A: They sit in a meadow and read their mail and papers, play shat (card game), and talk.

  1. Why did the boys enlist in the army?

A: Kantorek feed them propaganda, nationalism, and militarism. Made them feel guilty.

  1. Who was Joseph Behm and what happened to him?

A: Joseph Behm is a boy of nineteen who is with Kropp, Paul, and Muller in their group. Joseph Behm was one of the first to fall on the field because he was hit in the eye. They had left him for dead, but he later called for someone and was shot before anyone could go and help him. Was one of the few that didn’t want to join the army.

  1. What do the men now think of Kantorek and others who hold his same beliefs?

A: They lost trust in him. He feed the troops a lot of lies.

  1. Describe Kemmerich.

A:  Kemmerich was wounded in battle and had to have his leg amputated. He is very close to dying at the time of Kropp’s, Paul’s, and Muller’s visit. Muller wants his boots because he will have no need of them to come.

  1. What is shown in the scene with the orderly?

A: That orderlies have different views than those enlisted do.

 

 

Chapter 2

 

              What did Paul often do in the evenings before the war?

 

                 A: wrote plays and poems.

 

              How do Paul and the other young men differ from the older soldiers?

 

                A: They cannot comprehend their future after the war.

 

             What did the men learn as new recruits?

 

                A: False ideas of heroes and romanticism.

 

             What were they forced to do in the training camp?

 

                A: Run drills in meadows and work until they were sore.

 

            What does death look like in Franz Kemmerich?

 

                A: Like it is coming soon. He looks like a skeleton barely living.

 

           What is the doctor’s and the orderly’s attitude toward Kemmerich’s death? 

 

                A: Nonchalant like he doesn’t care. He’s seen too many in his lifetime.

 

          Why does Paul run away from the hospital? What does he feel?

 

                A: He is trying to run toward happier times and memories. He feels sad and alone to some degree.

 

 

Chapter 3

  1. Kropp calls the new reinforcements __________.

A: Infants

  1. What is Katczinsky’s talent?

A: Finding things like food, clothing, water, and blankets

  1. What type of food does Kat find in this chapter?

A: Horse meat

  1. What is Kropp’s idea of how wars should be fought?

A: Political Leaders battle each other and whoever wins the battle, that country wins.

  1. Why does Tjaden hate Himmelstoss?

A: Because Himmelstoss made him and another man sleep under each other during the night and they would pee on each other.

  1. Describe the way that the soldiers "jump" Himmelstoss.

A: They know where he likes to drink so they go down to the pub and wait for him to come out. When he comes out, they pounce on him and put a mattress covering over his head and pull down his pants and whip him. They then run away.

  1. "Revenge is black pudding."

Chapter 4

  1. How does the arrival at the front affect the soldier’s physical appearance?

A: Everyone is gaunt and dismayed at arriving on the front.

  1. What symbolism does the earth have for the soldiers?

A: It is their protector and their shield.

  1. What allows the men to survive?

A: Their animal instincts and the earth.

  1. What must be done on a wiring fatigue?

A:

  1. What does the cry of the horses represent?

A: death

  1. What is ironic about using the cemetery for cover?

A: The dead are now protecting others from death itself

  1. What do Kat and Paul nearly do to the recruit with the hip wound? Why?

A: Kill him so that he will not have to suffer and he would die eventually anyway.

  1. Why does Paul say the rain falls in their hearts?

A: Because they are sad

Chapter 5

  1. How do the men kill lice?

A: They rigged up the lid of a boot-polish tin with a candle under it and the lice fall into the can and die.

  1. What does Himmelstoss expect from the group of men?

A: For them to stand up and show him respect

  1. Why does Himmelstoss want to have Tjaden court-maritalled?

A: Because Tjaden is being smart with Himmelstoss

  1. What is the status of Paul’s class (in the war)?

A: they are lowly privates

  1. What does school have to do with the boy’s lives now?

A: Nothing; they were taught nothing in school with how to help them in war

  1. What will the men’s lives be like when they return to society?

A: The men don’t know. They don’t know what they will return to and don’t know if they can use anything they were taught in school after seeing everything they’ve seen in war. They comment the war has ruined them for everything.

  1. How does Kropp make Himmelstoss angry?

A: He smarts off to Himmelstoss.

  1. What types of arrest are used in the German army?

A: Open arrest where men are allowed to visit people and Close arrest where men are put in the cellar.

  1. What is the similarity between Kat and Paul’s goose escapade and the war?

A: They have to remain calm and keep their heads in order to not be caught.

  1. Why do they save the goose feathers?

A: To make two cushions out of them that say: “Sleep soft under shell-fire”.

  1. What is ever-present in the men’s lives?

A: Death and the fact that they have survived by luck

  1. What special feeling does Paul have for Kat? (don’t be silly)

            A: Love and admiration.

 

 

Chapter 6

  1. How efficient is the German army?

A: Very

  1. What are the men awaiting?

A: An offensive attack

  1. How does Chance rule their lives?

A: “It is just as much a matter of chance that I am still alive as that I might have been hit. I a bomb-proof dug-out I may be smashed to atoms and in the open may survive ten hours’ bombardment unscathed. No soldier outlives a thousand chances. But every soldier believes in Chance and trusts his luck.” (pg. 101)

  1. Why do they call the rats "corpse-rats"?

A: “They have shocking, evil, naked faces, and it is nauseating to see their long, nude tails.” (102)

  1. How do the men end the rat attacks?

A: They put slices of bread on the floor and hold spades. They wait until they hear many little feet and then turn on the light and strike at the heap, killing many rats. They repeat this until the rats become wise and stay away.

  1. What foreshadows a rough battle for the men?

A: Edamer cheese

  1. Why do the men use spades rather than bayonets?

A: Because bayonets often get stuck and while in the process of trying to pull it out, the man may very well get one in the ribs himself.

  1. How does the bombardment wear on the men?

A: It makes them tired

  1. Describe the recruit’s fit.

A: he wants to escape, but Paul knows better and keeps him in the trench

  1. How are the attackers described?

A: they have “smooth distorted faces” and their helmets

  1. Why does Paul hesitate before throwing the grenade?

A: because he locks eyes with a Frenchman

  1. How do the men react after waiting days for this attack?

A: they act like animals

  1. How do the men react to the wounded?

A: they ignore them

  1. What do the men take from the French before returning to their lines?

A: Provisions; 5 tins altogether.

  1. What are Paul’s memories while he stands sentry duty?

A: His home

  1. How have Paul’s feelings toward his memories changed?

A: His memories have become calmer and quieter

  1. Why do the soldiers search so thoroughly for a wounded man?

A: because of the feeling of comradeship with the things and events in their existence

  1. What happens to the dead?

A: they pile up in the field of craters between the trenches

  1. Why do the soldiers search for driving bands and parachutes?

A:

  1. How has nature reacted to the war?

A: nature takes on the form of the war; extremely hot and unbearable

  1. Why are the reinforcements killed so rapidly?

A: because they don’t “have a feeling for the contours of the ground, an ear for the sound and the character of the shells, must be able to decide beforehand where they will drop, how they will burst, and how to shelter from them.”

  1. What happens to Himmelstoss during the attack?

A: He panics

  1. How well do the new recruits learn front-line warfare?

A: not well; Paul and his friends teach some of them what to do, but when it comes time for war, they become jumbled and forget everything

  1. What is the result after days of fighting?

A: 32 men still live

 

Chapter 7

  1. How do Himmelstoss and the men reconcile? Himmelstoss realizes that they all could die at the front. When he replaces the cook, he gives the men extra rations and easy cookhouse duty (138).

A: He gives them two pounds of sugar and a half-pound of butter especially for Tjaden. He then assigns them to potato and turnip peeling.

  1. Why do the soldiers forget about the front-line fighting when they are behind the lines?

A: Because they turn into animals

  1. Why do the men only rest behind the front?

A: Because “life is short.”

  1. What does Paul say will happen with memories of the front after the war?

A: They will always remember them because they will always be there.

  1. Why are the men interested in the theater poster?

A: Because they have not seen a girl in ages.

  1. How does Paul feel when he has nothing to remind him of being a soldier?

A: afraid

  1. Why is Paul unhappy after the evening with the women?

A: Because it was different from what he knew

  1. Why is beer more than just a drink?

A: Because it changes the way you act and think.

  1. How does the Frenchwoman react to Paul’s leave?

A: She nods and takes no special notice

  1. How does the red-cross sister act toward Paul?

A: like he is a medal to flaunt

  1. Why does Paul cry when he arrives home?

A: Because he never knew if he would see it or his family again.

  1. Why does Paul feel strange in his own home?

A: Because it is so different to what he has become accustomed to

  1. Why does Paul lie to his mother about the reality of war?

A: Because she could never understand and he doesn’t want her to worry

  1. Why do the major and Paul conflict?

A: Because they use different manners on the front and in every day civilian life

  1. Why does Paul change into civilian clothes?

A: To try to feel more normal and comfortable in this enviornment

  1. Why can’t Paul talk to his father about the war?

A: Because it will bring the horrible memories back

  1. What is the headmaster’s opinion of the war?

A: That he knows more than Paul of the dealings of this war

  1. What does Paul realize about the people around him?

A: That they will never understand what he has been through and what he will go through

  1. What happens when Paul tries to retrieve his familiarity with his books?

A: So that he will be able to go back to the way he was before the war

  1. How does Mittelstaedt treat Kantorek?

A: He treats him just the way Kantorek used to treat Mittelstaedt

  1. What is leave to Paul?

A: “ . . . A pause that only makes everything after it so much worse.” (179)

  1. What does Paul tell Kemmerich’s mother about her son’s death?

A: He lies and tells her he died instantly because of a shot through the heart

  1. Why can’t Paul understand Mrs. Kemmerich’s anguish?

A: Because he sees multiple people die daily and very gruesomely

  1. What does Paul wish for as his mother speaks to him on his last night home?

A: That he could die with her

  1. Why does Paul regret coming home on leave?

A: Because he is in agony for himself and his mother

 

 

Chapter 8

  1. What does Paul observe during training drills?

A: How beautiful nature is

  1. What does Paul think of the Russians?

A: He thinks them honest peasants.

  1. How do many of the Germans treat the Russians? How do they trade with them?

A: Trade boots, coats, and foods

  1. How do the Russians differ from the Germans?

A: They have big everything. Big hands, noses, foreheads, and thick hair

  1. Why does Paul not feel more sympathetic toward the Russian prisoners?

A: Because he knows nothing of their lives and what they do. He knows nothing of them.

  1. Why are these men enemies?

A: Because of a word of command

  1. What is Paul’s sole aim?

A: To lose the thoughts that he has and stow them away.

  1. Why doesn’t Paul’s father ask the surgeon about the cost of the operation?

A: Because he is afraid of how he will react and how much money it will cost.

 

 

Chapter 9

  1. What is a flying division?

A: It is a division that is pushed into the war wherever it is the hottest

  1. How does Paul feel when he finds his friends?

A: Relief and excited

  1. How does the army prepare for the Kaiser’s visit?

A: They receive new uniforms and have to look good

  1. According to the men, why does war exist?

A: Because dictators want it to be so.

  1. What is the difference between the volunteers and the drafted soldiers?

A: The volunteer’s limit of the comprehension of the factors involved in war

  1. What do trench mortars do to soldiers?

A: It “blows them clean out of their clothes”.

  1. Why is Paul afraid on patrol?

A: He is afraid that at any minute he could be killed

  1. What does friendship mean to Paul?

A: security

  1. How is Paul’s fear different as he tries to get back to his friends?

A:  he is afraid he won’t make it back to his friends

  1. What is the new fear that holds Paul?

A:  he doesn’t know which direction he’s going

  1. What does Paul do when the French soldier stumbles into his shell hole?

A: he stabs him

  1. Why doesn’t Paul leave the shell hole after he has stabbed the Frenchman?

A: because he would die if he left

  1. How does Paul react to the dying Frenchman?

A: He comes close to insanity

  1. How does the Frenchman look at Paul?

A: scared

  1. What does Paul do for the Frenchman?

A: gives him water

  1. Why does Paul think he must bandage the wounds?

A: so that if he is captured the French will know he wanted to help him

  1. What does this hand-to-hand killing do to Paul?

A: it makes him go mad

  1. What does Paul say and realize in his madness?

A: that he won’t get any further that way

  1. What does Paul promise when he is calmer?

A: that he will write to his family

  1. What does Paul think of this experience after he is safe?

A: He doesn’t like what he did and tells his fiends about what happened

  1. How does Sergeant Oellrich react to killing?

A: He sees it as a game

Chapter 10

  1. Where are the men stationed?

A: In a village that had been abandoned because it was being shelled too heavily.

  1. Why do they set up an idyll of eating and sleeping?

A: To keep themselves sane in their world of horror.

  1. How do the men get caught under fire and bombing?

A: Cooking two pigs they found as well as potato cakes, cauliflower, and peas.

  1. How do the men guard the supplies?

A: They take stuff

  1. How do the men react to all the luxury?

A: The bask in it

  1. What do the men take back to the front with them?

A: The cat in a parrot cage

  1. What happens to Paul when the bombing begins?

A: He thinks he will die

  1. How are Paul and Kropp able to save themselve?

A: They hide in behind a hedge and then run away

  1. What does Kropp decide about his wounded leg?

A: That if they have to amputate, he will ask them to kill him

  1. How does Paul react in surgery?

A: Very well; he is frightened, but makes no sound or indication.

  1. How do Kropp and Paul manage to stay together?

A: They bribe a sergeant-major with cigars

  1. Why doesn’t Paul want to get into bed?

A: Because he feels like a pig and is worried about his lice.

  1. How does Paul get off the train with Albert?

A: Acts like he is feverish and very sick

  1. Why are the hospital patients angry at being awakened in the morning?

A: Because the sisters are saying prayers and they want to sleep

  1. How do the men get the doors shut?

A: Paul throws a glass bottle and it shatters

  1. Why does Josef Hamacher claim he threw the bottle?

A: Because he has a shooting license and whoever has one of those can do whatever he pleases

  1. What is the dying room?

A: Where men are taken to die

  1. What does Josef warn the boys with flat feet against?

A: To say no to surgery

  1. What happens to Albert?

A: He has his leg amputated

  1. What does Paul think of the world as he views the wounded?

A:

  1. How does Paul view himself and his generation?

A:

  1. Where does Paul go from the hospital?

A: Back to the front

 

Chapter 11

  1. How do the men see the war now?

A: They view it as horrible and they wish it to end

  1. What are the men’s lives and thoughts like?

A: Saddening; Depressing

  1. What brotherhood do the men feel?

A: brotherhood to their comrades and

  1. What is life (to them)?

A: The men feel “life follows an amazingly simple course, it is limited to what is most necessary, all else lies buried in gloomy sleep; . . .”

  1. How are men like a flame?

A: They have thoughts and emotions that burn within them like flames and they yearn for better.

  1. What does Detering do?

A: He gets homesick and tries to dessert, but is caught and no one ever hears from him again

  1. What is happening to the German lines?

A: They are thrashed and there is no proper trench warfare

  1. How does Bertinck save his men?

A: He crawls out of the hole and shoots at the enemy, but is wounded himself. He tries again to take aim and gets one of the enemies. The enemies then throw flame-throwers into the hole they are in and he is burned. He has a chest wound and then his chin becomes smashed as well as his hip is torn open.

  1. What is the summer of 1918 like?

A: Horrible; it is the most bloody and most terrible. The men just want to leave and they know they are losing the war.

  1. Are the Germans beaten?

A: not yet J

  1. What is Paul’s reaction to Kat’s injury?

A: He is extremely afraid, but he tries to comfort Kat and at the same time himself telling himself Kat will live.

  1. Why do Paul and Kat exchange addresses?

A: Because they are afraid they will never see one another again.

  1. Why does Paul repeat to himself twice that he and Kat are not related?

A: Because they are to him. Not genetically, but bound by the hardships of war.

Chapter 12

  1. What does Paul want after the armistice?

A: he has no aims.

  1. What are the fates of the various generations?

A: The old already had a home and a calling – therefore they have something to go back to. The Younger generation will push them aside because they will not understand. Paul’s generation, however, will be by themselves, for no one will understand and they themselves know nothing but war and do not know how to adapt back into life.

  1. Why is the book titled All Quiet on the Western Front?

A: Because the day Paul died “was so quiet and still on the whole front, that the army report confined itself to the single sentence: All Quiet on the Western Front.”

  1. Why does the book describe Paul’s face as calm?

A: Because it appeared as he was “almost glad the end had come.”